What does this mean?
There are many reasons for "abnormal" Pap test results. If results of the Pap test are unclear or show a small change in the cells of the cervix, your doctor will probably repeat the Pap test.
Common Causes for Abnormal Pap Results
The main cause of "abnormal" Pap test results is infection with HPV (Human papillomavirus). There are many types of HPV. Some types have been linked to cancer of the cervix, vulva and vagina. Other types have been linked to genital warts.
Additional Test Procedures
If your Pap test finds more serious changes in the cells of the cervix, the doctor will suggest more detailed tests. Results of these tests will help your doctor decide on the best treatment. These include:
- • Colposcopy: The doctor uses a tool called a colposcope to see the cells of the vagina and cervix in detail.
- • Endocervical curettage: The doctor takes a sample of cells from the endocervical canal.
- • Biopsy: The doctor removes a small sample of cervical tissue. The sample is sent to a lab to be studied under a microscope.
Whe are here to help you
The physicians at Essex County OB/GYN specialize in the treatment and management of Abnormal Pap Smears.
Article by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
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